International Ice Hockey Federation

Info

Tournament Format

 

The 16 teams are divided into two groups for the Preliminary Round.

The top-four ranked teams of each group advance to the quarter-finals that will be played cross-over. The first-place team in each preliminary-round group plays the fourth-place team of the other group, while the second-place team plays the third-place team of the other group. 1A-4B, 2A-3B, 1B-4A, 2B-3A. The venues and time slots of the games will be determined following the conclusion of the preliminary round.

 

The semi-final pairings will be 1A/4B vs. 2B/3A and 1B/4A vs. 2A/3B. Both semi-final games will be played in Bratislava. The time slots will be determined after the quarter-final games.

The winning teams of the semi-final games advance to the gold medal game while the semi-final losing teams play for bronze.

Relegation format

The overall bottom ranked two teams will be relegated to the 2020 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship Division I Group A.

The 2020 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship will consist of 16 teams including the team of the organizing member national association, thus Switzerland cannot be among the two relegated teams. If Switzerland were last in its group and thus among the overall bottom ranked two teams, the overall ranked 14th-placed team would be relegated instead.

The teams promoted to the 2020 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship will be the top-two teams of the 2019 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship Division I Group A.

Three Point System

For all games points shall be awarded as follows:

  • 3 points for the winning team at the conclusion of regulation time
  • 1 point for both teams at the conclusion of regulation time if the game is tied
  • An additional point earned for the team winning the game in a 5-minute overtime period, or the Penalty-Shot Shootout if the teams are still tied following conclusion of the overtime period
  • 0 points for the team losing the game in regulation time

Overtime Operations

If a game is tied at the end of regulation time, a five-minute overtime period shall be played after a three-minute intermission. The teams will not change ends for the overtime period. The game will end when the five minutes have expired or when a goal is scored; the scoring team will be declared the winner. If no goal is scored in the overtime period then the Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure will apply. All overtime periods of any IIHF preliminary-round or round-robin game shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of three (3) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper for games of the preliminary round.

Overtime procedure in Play-Off Games:

  • In case of a tie at the conclusion of regulation time in a Relegation Playoff, Placement Playoff, Quarter Final, Semi Final and Bronze Medal Game, there will be a 10-minute sudden-death overtime period played after a three-minute intermission.
  • The teams will not change ends.
  • The overtime period shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of four (4) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper.
  • The team, which scores a goal during this period is the winner.
  • In the Gold Medal Game there will be a 20-minute sudden-death overtime period, following a 15-minute intermission during which the ice will be resurfaced.
  • The teams will not change ends.
  • The overtime period shall be played with each team at the numerical strength of four (4) skaters and one (1) goalkeeper.
  • The team which scores a goal during this period is declared winner.
  • If no goal is scored during the sudden-death overtime, there will be Penalty-Shot Shootout (PSS) according to the Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure.

Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure

If no goal is scored in the overtime period then the Penalty-Shot Shootout (PSS) procedure will apply. The following procedure will be utilized:

  • Five different shooters from each team will take alternate shots, until a decisive goal is scored.
  • If the game is still tied after five shots by each team, the PSS will continue with a tie-break shoot out by one player of each team, with a reversed shooting order. The same or new players can take the tie-break shots.
  • The same player can also be used for each shot by a team in the tie-break shoot-out.
  • Only the decisive goal will count in the result of the game.
  • Shots will be taken at both ends of the ice. The area of the ice to be used will be dry scraped.
  • A coin toss will determine which team takes the first shot, with the winner of the toss having the choice whether his team will shoot first or second.
  • Any player whose penalty was not over when overtime ended cannot take the shots and must stay in the penalty box or in the dressing room.
  • The goalkeepers will defend the same goal, as in the overtime period. The goalkeepers from each team may be changed after each shot.
  • The players of both teams will take the shots alternately until a decisive goal is scored.
  • The decisive goal will be credited to the player who scored and to the goalkeeper concerned.

Tie breaking formula

The tie-breaking system for two teams with the same number of points in a standing will be the game between the two teams, the winner of the game taking precedence. 

Due to the fact that the three-point system does not allow a game to end in a tie, then the following tie breaking procedure is applicable when three or more teams are tied in points in a Championship standing.

Should three or more teams be tied on points, then a tie breaking formula will be applied as follows, creating a sub-group amongst the tied teams. This process will continue until only two or none of the teams remain tied. In the case of two tied teams remaining, the game between the two would then be the determining tie-breaker as the game could not end as a tie. In the case of none of the teams being tied, the criteria specified in the respective step applies.

Step 1: Taking into consideration the games between each of the tied teams, a sub-group is created applying the points awarded in the direct games amongst the tied teams from which the teams are then ranked accordingly.

Step 2: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points then the better goal difference in the direct games amongst the tied teams will be decisive. 

Step 3: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points and goal difference then the highest number of goals scored by these teams in their direct games will be decisive

Step 4: Should three or more teams still remain tied in points, goal difference and goals scored then the results between each of the three teams and the closest best-ranked team outside the sub-group will be applied. In this case the tied team with the best result (1. points, 2. goal difference, 3. more goals scored) against the closest best ranked-team will take precedence

Step 5: Should the teams still remain tied, then the results between each of the three teams and the next highest best-ranked team outside the sub-group will be applied.

Step 6: Should the teams still remain tied after these five steps have been exercised then Sport considerations will be applied and the teams will be ranked by their positions coming into the Championship (seeding).

Final Ranking

The gold medal game and bronze medal game will determine the final ranking for the top-4 teams. The eliminated teams from the preliminary round plus the losing teams of the quarter-finals will be ranked following their positions in the groups preceding the quarter-final round.

The final ranking will follow the following procedure:
1. Higher position in the group,
2. Higher number of points,
3. Better goal difference,
4. Higher number of goals scored for,
5. Better seeding number

More information

Click here to download the IIHF’s Rule Book and Sport Regulations.

Player Entry

  • The teams submit the names of the participating players at the first Championship Directorate.
  • The maximum number of players allowed on a Team Registration Form at the beginning of the World Championship is 22 skaters and 3 goalies. The minimum is 15 skaters and 2 goalies.
  • At the first Directorate meeting, the teams must name at least the minimum number of 15 skaters and 2 goalkeepers. The players entered must be present at the championship venue by the time of the Directorate meeting.
  • The remaining players up to the allowed maximum of 22 + 3 must be submitted for players' control two hours before any of the following championship games. Players can be added throughout the tournament until the roster is full.
  • During a game, a team may enter (dress) 20 skaters and 2 goalkeepers on the Official Game Sheet, with the emergency goalkeeper standing by if a goalie entered to the Official Game Sheet is unable to play.

Eligibility

 

To play in the IIHF World Championship, the Olympic ice hockey tournament and the qualifications to these competitions, players must fulfill the following qualification requirements:

 

- Each player must be under the jurisdiction of an IIHF member national association

- Each player must be a citizen of the country he represents. 


Acquiring a new national eligibility (The ‘two-year’ case)

When a player has changed his citizenship or has acquired another citizenship and wants to participate for the first time in an IIHF competition representing his new country he must:

- Prove that he has participated for at least two consecutive hockey seasons and 16 consecutive months (480 days) in the national competitions of his new country after his 10th birthday during which period he has neither transferred to another country nor played ice hockey within any other country.

- Have an international transfer card (ITC) that shows the transfer to the national competition of his new country and which was approved and dated at least two years before the start of the IIHF competition in which he wishes to participate.

 

Change of national eligibility (The ‘four-year’ case)

A player, who has previously participated in IIHF competition, can switch national eligibility (but only once in a player's life) if:

- He is a citizen of the new country of his choice.

- He has participated for at least four consecutive years (1460 days) in the national competitions of his new country, during which period he has neither transferred to another country nor played ice hockey within any other country and has not played for his previous country in an IIHF competition during this four year period.

- He has an international transfer card (ITC) that shows the transfer to the national competition of his new country and which was approved and dated at least four years before the start of the IIHF competition in which he wishes to participate.

World Ranking

 

The 2018 IIHF Men's World Ranking takes into account the placings at the World Championships between 2015 and 2018 as well as the 2018 Olympic Winter Games.

 

Click here for more information on the IIHF World Ranking system.

2018 IIHF Men's World Ranking

    Points Movement    
1.   Canada 3990   0
2.   Sweden 3945   +1
3.   Russia 3930   -1
4.   USA 3765   +2
5.   Finland 3765   -1
6.   Czech Republic 3690   -1
7.   Switzerland 3590   +1
8.   Germany 3575   -1
9.   Norway 3270   0
10.   Slovakia 3245   0
11.   Latvia 3225   +2
12.   Denmark 3130   +2
13.   France 3115   -1
14.   Belarus 3085   -3
15.   Slovenia 2915   0
16.   Korea 2835   +2
17.   Austria 2820   0
18.   Kazakhstan 2760   -2
19.   Italy 2725   0
20.   Hungary 2595   0
21.   Poland 2565   0
22.   Great Britain 2465   +2
23.   Japan 2410   -1
24.   Ukraine 2340   -1
25.   Lithuania 2200   +1
26.   Estonia 2155   +1
27.   Croatia 2115   -2
28.   Netherlands 2060   0
29.   Romania 2030   0
30.   Serbia 1830   0
31.   Spain 1700   0
32.   Iceland 1660   0
33.   China 1610   0
34.   Israel 1450   +1
35.   Mexico 1440   -1
36.   Australia 1280   +2
37.   Belgium 1250   -1
38.   Bulgaria 1210   -1
39.   New Zealand 1030   0
40.   Georgia 990   +1
41.   DPR Korea 925   -1
42.   Luxembourg 790   +1
43.   Turkey 770   -1
44.   South Africa 655   0
45.   Hong Kong 600   0
46.   Chinese Taipei 425   +2
47.   United Arab Emirates 365   -1
48.   Bosnia & Herzegovina 360   -1
49.   Turkmenistan 200   NEW
50.   Kuwait 140   NEW

Past Medallists

IIHF Ice Hockey World Championships
Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1920  Canada USA Czechoslovakia Antwerp (Olympics)
1924  Canada USA Great Britain Chamonix (Olympics)
1928  Canada Sweden Switzerland St. Moritz (Olympics)
1930  Canada Germany Switzerland Chamonix, Berlin, Vienna
1931  Canada USA Austria Krynica
1932  Canada USA Germany Lake Placid (Olympics)
1933  USA Canada Czechoslovakia Prague
1934  Canada USA Germany Milan
1935  Canada Switzerland Great Britain Davos
1936  Great Britain Canada USA Garmisch-Partenkirchen (Olympics)
1937  Canada Great Britain Switzerland London
1938  Canada Great Britain Czechoslovakia Prague
1939  Canada USA Switzerland Basle, Zurich
1940-1946 No championships (World War II)
1947  Czechoslovakia Sweden Austria Prague
1948  Canada Czechoslovakia Switzerland St. Moritz (Olympics)
1949  Czechoslovakia Canada USA Stockholm
1950  Canada USA Switzerland London
1951  Canada Sweden Switzerland Paris
1952  Canada USA Sweden Oslo (Olympics)
1953  Sweden FR Germany Switzerland Zurich, Basle
1954  Soviet Union Canada Sweden Stockholm
1955  Canada Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Krefeld, Dortmund, Cologne
1956  Soviet Union USA Canada Cortina (Olympics)
1957  Sweden Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Moscow
1958  Canada Soviet Union Sweden Oslo
1959  Canada Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Prague, Bratislava
1960  USA Canada Soviet Union Squaw Valley (Olympics)
1961  Canada Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Geneva, Lausanne
1962  Sweden Canada USA Colorado Springs, Denver
1963  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Stockholm
1964  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Innsbruck (Olympics)
1965  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Tampere
1966  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Ljubljana
1967  Soviet Union Sweden Canada Vienna
1968  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Grenoble (Olympics)
1969  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Stockholm
1970  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Stockholm
1971  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Berne, Geneva
1972  Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Sweden Prague
1973  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Moscow
1974  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Helsinki
1975  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Munich, Dusseldorf
1976  Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Sweden Katowice
1977  Czechoslovakia Sweden Soviet Union Vienna
1978  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Prague
1979  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Moscow
1981  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Gothenburg, Stockholm
1982  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Helsinki, Tampere
1983  Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Dusseldorf, Dortmund, Munich
1985  Czechoslovakia Canada Soviet Union Prague
1986  Soviet Union Sweden Canada Moscow
1987  Sweden Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Vienna
1989  Soviet Union Canada Czechoslovakia Stockholm, Sodertalje
1990  Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Berne, Fribourg
1991  Sweden Canada Soviet Union Turku, Helsinki, Tampere
1992  Sweden Finland Czechoslovakia Prague, Bratislava
1993  Russia Sweden Czech Republic Dortmund, Munich
1994  Canada Finland Sweden Bolzano, Canazei, Milan
1995  Finland Sweden Canada Stockholm, Gavle
1996  Czech Republic Canada USA Vienna
1997  Canada Sweden Czech Republic Helsinki, Turku, Tampere
1998  Sweden Finland Czech Republic Zurich, Basle
1999  Czech Republic Finland Sweden Oslo, Lillehammer, Hamar
2000  Czech Republic Slovakia Finland St. Petersburg
2001  Czech Republic Finland Sweden Cologne, Hanover, Nuremberg
2002  Slovakia Russia Sweden Gothenburg, Karlstad, Jonkoping
2003  Canada Sweden Slovakia Helsinki, Turku, Tampere
2004  Canada Sweden USA Prague, Ostrava
2005  Czech Republic Canada Russia Vienna, Innsbruck
2006  Sweden Czech Republic Finland Riga
2007  Canada Finland Russia Moscow, Mytishi
2008  Russia Canada Finland Quebec City, Halifax
2009  Russia Canada Sweden Berne, Zurich-Kloten
2010  Czech Republic Russia Sweden Cologne, Mannheim, Gelsenkirchen
2011  Finland Sweden Czech Republic Bratislava, Kosice
2012  Russia Slovakia Czech Republic Helsinki, Stockholm
2013  Sweden Switzerland USA Stockholm, Helsinki
 2014  Russia Finland Sweden Minsk, Belarus
2015  Canada Russia USA Prague, Ostrava
2016  Canada Finland  Russia  Moscow, St. Petersburg
2017  Sweden Canada Russia Cologne, Paris
2018  Sweden Switzerland USA Copenhagen, Herning
2019        Bratislava, Kosice

 

Notes:

  All Olympic Ice Hockey Tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships.
  In the Olympic years 1980, 1984 and 1988, no IIHF World Championships were staged.
         
IIHF Ice Hockey European Championships
Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1910  Great Britain Germany Belgium Les Avants
1911  Bohemia Germany Belgium Berlin
1912  Championship annulled
1913  Belgium Bohemia Germany Munich
1914  Bohemia Germany Belgium Berlin
1915-1920 No championships (World War I)
1921  Sweden Czechoslovakia (only two teams) Stockholm
1922  Czechoslovakia Sweden Switzerland St. Moritz
1923  Sweden France Czechoslovakia Antwerp
1924  France Sweden Switzerland Milan
1925  Czechoslovakia Austria Switzerland Strbske Pleso, Stary Smokovec
1926  Switzerland Czechoslovakia Austria Davos
1927  Austria Belgium Germany Vienna
1929  Czechoslovakia Poland Austria Budapest
1932  Sweden Austria Switzerland Berlin
         
Notes:
  Berlin 1932 was the last separate IIHF European Championship event.
  European Championships medals were awarded to the European participants of the IIHF World Championships until 1991.

Contacts

International Ice Hockey Federation

Address Headquarters:
Brandschenkestrasse 50, Postfach 1817, 8027 Zurich, Switzerland

Tel. +41 44 562 22 00
Fax +41 44 562 22 29
E-mail Office: office@iihf.com
E-mail Media Relations: media@iihf.com
E-mail Website: webmaster@iihf.com

 

2019 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship Organization Committee

Trnavská cesta 27/B
831 04 Bratislava
Slovakia

Tel. +421 2 32 34 09 36
E-mail: info@2019.iihfworlds.com

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